Before we start if you have any doubt then contact auto-electrician, this article is for your pleasure only and does not replace a trained professional.
If you have encountered some trouble with your headlights then there is nothing much to panic about, we have come up with simple, easy to follow instructions that would guide you through the entire process, make you capable enough to change it on your own, saving those extra bucks in your pocket from splashing it on a fleet of black and white crusaders. After all taking care of your darling automobile has always been “your” thing to do.
Let’s begin with the process that would empower you to provide the power of sight to your car!
Step 1: Take a quick look at the anterior part of your car.
Step 2: Locate the bulb holder. Safely open the hood covering it with great care. Once that is out you could see the bulb holder at the back of the headlight, out of which three wires are coming out of a trapezoid shaped plug.
Step 3: Slide off the wiring harness, you could see the three wires entangled at a the base of the headlamp in a either a plastic catch, a screw cap or a metal clip.
In case of plastic catch, push down the little lever you see on the top of a plug, on applying the pressure the gently pull the same so that it slides off.
In case of a screw cap, simply unscrew it by rotating the clip anti clockwise.
For the last one, the metal clip- just pull it in the upwards direction against the gravity of the earth and it would pop open. At any of these points, be careful how you handle these little equipment’s, dropping them off would call for another thing to do such searching for the part in the engine ay we’ve all been there it’s one hell of a task.
Step 4: Recognize which type of bulb is to be fitted inside it. Usually no big tools in specific are needed to replace or fit a new bulb.
Step 5: Take off the wasted bulb from the socket. After taking the wire out of the way doing that shouldn’t be that big of a task. Much precaution should be taken while handling the bulb once it’s out of its packaging. Always use a tissue or a clean rag to hold it, because any oil/sweat of your palm may lead to damage the piece prematurely, reducing its life to a considerable extent.
Step 6 : Now holding the bulb from it upper end, insert it at the back of the headlight, till it is grabs a firm hold in the socket. Look for yourself to confirm that is in there for sure, a clear line alongside the holder would confirm that it is fitted evenly.
Hence these were the simple steps whose execution requires a little of your time and effort with nothing more to ensure a good working headlight again. Be it a installation of new headlight or the replacement of an old one the procedure is the same.
• Different types of automotive lights
There are many lights in totality that constitute the entire automotive lighting in an automobile apart from the main headlamps. While headlamps can be segregated mainly under two types:
(a) Standard headlamps
These are also known by the name low, meeting or passing beam that gives out illumination of moderate intensity, providing enough for a proper vision and at the same time not overdoing it to cause any kind of glare.
(b) HID headlamps.
These are mainly used in luxurious cars such as Audi, Mercedes, etc that provide for an higher intensity light giving a better vision to the driver of the car but often injurious for other people on the road. Usually one has to go through the rules and regulations book for getting legal permission to install these. Other additional lights are:
1. Cornering lamps
With an intention to provide extra illumination for the way ahead, these are placed just adjacent to the main headlamp. They may or may not burn steadily depending upon their wiring on how the manufacturer wants them to work like.
2. Spot lights
These are more of an accessory provided to some special cars used for specific purposes such as hospital emergency vehicles, sheriff cars, fire brigades etc. They are more of signal lights with special sirens, mounted at the top of the vehicle.
3. Brake light
These are found at the rear end of any automobile, which glows bright red at the application of brakes (usually brighter than the headlights). When seen from a distant, the drivers preceding the front vehicle anticipate that the car is decelerating to either stop or run on a slower speed, accordingly they can maintain a safe distant from it to avoid any kind of collision.
4. Reverse lights
These are installed in a car with the same purpose as that of brake lights. Constituting a part of the rear end signaling/ warning devices, the reverse lights are present to give off illumination when the car is in the reverse gear, moving backwards than forward. Doing so the vehicles that are behind us are warned beforehand of the vehicle’s rearward motion and readjust/ realign themselves accordingly to make way for each other in order to keep away from any kind of crash.
5. Rear Fog lamps
These came into use quite later after the introduction of the above mentioned lights, concepts of whose are widely gotten on the wrong end of the stick and misrepresented.
So far as the manufacturer’s understanding states, fog lights are provided as an aid for driving in extremely foggy/ rainy weather where the standard visibility of the driver reduces to a great extent because of the unfavorable conditions in the surrounding nature. Ideally these are available in mono colors mostly yellow, characterized by long range, and lessened dispersion. The objective is to let others know that you are on the road too, so as to escape from the constant honking which mostly gets on the nerves of both you and the surrounding people. One would be surprised to know that certain countries do have laws about their installation and usage. As far as India is concerned, there are no laws under anyone’s knowledge for how to, when and where are these supposed to be used.
These are small lights placed both at the front and the rear end of the car, in all four corners that are used for signaling when a car is about to take a turn. In earlier days the driver was manually supposed to hit the indicator button and turn them on or off but know the sensors in the car use the smart technology to turn them on/off on their own.
Just as standard color for stop lights used universally is red, similarly indicators are that of yellow color.
7. Glove Box
This is a closed compartment available like a mini drawer in inside of a car for the passengers to use the available space for storage of miscellaneous items. You will often find a small lamp inside, triggered by a switch.
This is a composite substance that is used in the making of the roof of the cars to give them a foam backing. They comprise of multi-layered coating of different materials that together bring stiffness look and feel in the inside of the car. Depending on your car you may have a dome light, map light, courtesy light (rear seats).
Some doors have lights at the bottom which are great for warning other motorist at night the door is open. They operate on a pressure switch.
Whatever your lighting need we aim to provide it for you.