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Posts of category "Car fuel basics"

Oil is a basic need of today. We are living in such a world where no one can even live without consuming a specific amount of oil daily. We all need oil everywhere. We need it in our houses, in our offices, in our business. So the first thing which can come to an individual’s mind about oil is that it’s a golden sparrow. Yes, it is. This basic need has high rate all over the world, especially in the west. But in spite of all these factors, we can think about some remedy of this. We have to think! Because the price of petrol is rising day by day.

Total World Oil Reserves

 

We all know that most of the oil is in Middle East countries. They are controlling almost 75% oil reserves. Unfortunately, there is no such scientific technique that can produce a large amount of oil and can fulfill the country’s need. Well, it’s a vague idea that there will be complete elimination of oil need one day in the future, but most publications regarding this case say that if each individual in this world reduce the consumption of fuel by 2%, someday in the future we may solve this high rate problem may be. This article will surely help those people who want novel ideas about reducing the oil dependence and will reduce their daily oil consumption.

petroleum oil decline in Australia

Following four factors should be kept in mind if you want to reduce your oil need: 

  • Maintain your vehicle
  • Smart driving
  • Social websites
  • Walk more and change your lifestyle

 

1.      Maintain Your Vehicle

Green vehicles

The most economical and wise step which is easy to be taken and very useful is to maintain your vehicle in its best condition. It will help in less oil consumption. An excellent engine cuts your fuel use up to 45 gallons per year. In this way you can save fuel, your money and your surrounding environment. Always try your car’s tires to be well inflated. It will also result in best. Never try to overburden your vehicle. It’s a common observation that the fuel efficiency drops by 1% by every increase in 90-100 pounds of stuff. So always keep these few factors in your mind. These things will help you to maintain your budget as well as they will prove to be very environment-friendly. Moreover, when you go for buying a new car, you must keep in mind that what will be its energy cost.

2.      Smart Driving

Always drive smooth and steady and at an average speed. This will cut off your fuel consumption up to 15%.

3.      Think Maturely And Use Social Websites

There are many social networking websites through which you can communicate with your colleagues. These websites facilitate you to do meetings online or through web cams. So there is no need to go far off places and consume a large amount of fuels.

Conserving fuels

4.      Walk or Cycle More And Change Your Lifestyle

Make this your habit to cycle or walk more; it will keep you fit and healthy. It’s a common observation that the people of countries who have adopted this  habit have less oil dependence problem. So think wisely.

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With increased awareness about air pollution and also to ensure better maintenance of the automobiles, a number of rules have been bought into. Amongst these, an important one is in regards to the octane number of the fuel. It has been ruled that higher the octane rating of the fuel, the better is it suited for the car and the environmental conditions as well.

octane ratings

In order to denote the octane number, quite a few ratings are in vogue and the most common among them is the RON or the Research Octane Number and fuels with a higher RON are deemed more fit for present day cars.

Where does all this come from?

Well, initially the considerations about the RON started from the effects that a lower octane contained fuel had on an engine. According to the mechanism of petrol engines, both the fuel and the air are ignited with sparks plugs. As most present day cars that offer high performance come with higher compressibility ratios too, so it’s needed that the fuel can withstand a higher compression and reach the ignition point intact.

And this is exactly what the octane number takes care of. So higher the RON, the better is the ability of the fuel to withstand high compression without breaking off itself and causing knocking within the car engines. This enhances the life of the engine and hence, the car. This is important from the environmental perspective too. If a fuel has a better compressibility capacity, it will not transform into gas at an earlier state and thus, significantly reduce the emissions.

Petrol Station

The difference between RON 91 and RON 95

As already explained, the basic difference is in the octane rating of the two fuel types. While one has a rating of 91, the other stands at 95. And here a 95 is always better than a 91, unlike the usual ranking system. Fuels that come with a RON 95 is evidently better than one that measures just 91 on the RON scale.

As such a RON 95 fuel can give a better performance as a fuel and enhance the performance and longevity of the engine and at the same time it is more ideal for the environment as it gives off lesser emissions as compared to RON 91.

As an extended benefit, RON 95 can give you a gain on the fuel economy. This is because, as the RON 95 can be compressed to a higher level than the RON 91, so the chances of the fuel being converted into gaseous substances are comparatively lesser and so more amount of the fuel is actually used in propelling the car than creating pollution. This increases the number of kilometers that the car can run on 1 unit of the fuel, thereby reducing the total expenditure.

However, this monetary profit is not usually retained as RON 95 fuels cost more than RON 91 fuels and it may happen so that you save less as fuel economy and spend more as fuel price.

So before you actually choose, do make sure what would be good for you and your car as well.

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You drive a car, ride a bike or travel in a bus. These are a part of our day to day life. We know that these automobiles run on a variety of fuels, especially petrol. But have you ever wondered that petrol, though being non existent naturally, actually gets formed? Most naturally not, even though our lives will come to stand-still without the use of it. So, here’s your dose of information that will tell you all about how petrol is actually formed.

Uses of petroleum

The base – petroleum

It is a common knowledge that petrol or gasoline is actually formed from petroleum or crude oil as it is known via a process known as distillation. But before we go into how petrol is actually derived from crude oil, let’s take a look at how petroleum is actually formed.

Petroleum is actually formed through a natural process that takes several hundreds of years to complete, which is one of the reasons why nature is unable to replenish the used up petroleum appropriately. The process usually starts with the formation of fossils of organic matter, especially the algae and the zooplanktons that are found in huge numbers/ belts  under the ocean. As the years pass on, these organic fossils start mixing with the other sediments found in the water and start settling at the bottom, while other layers of fossilized organic matter start depositing on the top of it.

Oil extraction

Over the years, as the number of these fossilized layers increase, an extreme pressure is created at the bottom and gets applied on the bottom most layer of the fossilized remains. Pressure and intense heat on the lower layer gradually convert these fossilized materials into kerogen (a wax like substance) which, when gets more heated, gets converted into gaseous hydrocarbons and liquid with the initiation of a process called catagenesis. A further process known as pyrolysis that involves a number of endothermic reactions between hydrocarbons at high pressure and temperature finally gives rise to the crude oil or petroleum.

Petroleum to petrol – the transformation

As mentioned at the very start, distillation of petroleum helps in the formation of petrol. However, the petrol that we get immediately after the distillation of petroleum can no longer be used as fuel due to the harm that it brings to the environment. As such, this pure form is mixed with various additives to give rise to the petrol that we actually use. However, the way that petroleum is processed to form petrol gives rise to different categories of petrol that vary in their quality and also in the degree that they may be harmful to the environment.

Oil platform

The measure of the suitability of the petrol is measured by the octane number, the higher the octane number the better is the fuel with regards to the environment. Also, the aromatic percentage is a matter of concern while producing the right petrol. The lesser the proportion benzene (which gives rise to the aroma), the better is the petrol as a fuel. Naturally, there is a trend to produce and use pure paraffin with a high octane rating.

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