Following are ADR 13/00 Standards/Australian Design Rules for Vehicles after amendment, in due consideration of Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 13/00 – Installation of Lighting and Light Signaling Devices on other than L-Group Vehicles).
The content of the aforesaid rules are sub divided into various categories such as:
1. Name of Standard used
This Standard relates to the Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 13/00 – Installation of Lighting and Light Signaling Devices on motor vehicles except for L-Group Vehicles) as per year 2005.
Its commencement begins immediately from the succeeding day of its registration.
The laid out bullet points in the rule book of Australian design suggests all the necessary requirements for the frequency and mode of installation of light signaling devices on motor vehicles except for L group vehicles.
4. APPLICABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION
This national standard is applicable to the design and manufacturing of vehicles in dependence on what kind/ type of vehicles are been manufactured.
By and large the types are- moped 2 wheels, moped 3 wheels, passenger cars, motor tricycle, heavy and light omnibus, trailers (further sub divided into the categories depending upon their weight) etc. All of these vehicles must adhere to this standard by following at least one of the below mentioned clauses:
(a) There are a series of guidelines stated in the upcoming sections of Exemptions and alternate procedures inclusive of another segment that narrates supplementary general requirements, Individual requirements and disparity to the requirements for lamps in appendix A.
(b) One among the many alternatives talked about in clause 9.
• Exemption and Alternate Procedures
Well by and large scope of the contract, its approval, any further alterations and adjustments in it, chargeable penalties for non- conformity of production activities, its control etc are exempted here. Furthermore, production is almost never opted for discontinuation and communication at every level for approval and disapproval of various kinds of contracts on signaling of devices are pursued in accordance to the regulation no 48.
Many a times, depending on what type/ model of vehicle in particular is being talked about, there are certain bullet points one would be made familiar with if needed that would come under a few more exemptions too. for instance all those vehicles that have filament headlamps attached to them would not call for a-
• dipped beam’s vertical orientation
• leveling of headlight
• the procedure for its measuring.
Similarly there are many more provisions kept aside on the use of cornering lights, rear end lights, fog lamps etc, each of which would be confided with you if considered necessary.
SUPPLEMENTARY GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
• Installation of extra lights in the automobile when the one previously fitted fail to comply with the entire system.
• Guidelines are mentioned for the installation of these too, one should adhere to them while bringing about this change.
• They should be fitted when the installation of before lamps are non- accessible to the bare eyes and hence mostly irrelevant.
• In addition to this, driving lights should be installed too. Their installation by and large depends on what kind of light exactly does one hopes to obtain as the final output.
For example, white light is obtained by main/ dipped beam headlamp, along with reversing and front fog lamp.
Similarly, lights in the rear end of an automobile use a standard red color lights to signal the various working of the automobile, like application of brakes, use of reverse gears etc.
In case of retro lights that are non triangular shaped, the color amber is aimed to be lit at its read end. It is generally grouped or takes up a part of the light emitting surface in common with rear end lamps, for a synchronized lighting system.
Unless stated in particular the various lights should be used in the same combination following the cliché rule as it is tried and tested. Alterations in their position, electrical connections and basic orientation should be kept at minimum to avoid unnecessary complexity.
These are set of guiding principle complementary to the requirements of the above points. It ‘s not mandatory to install an extra lamp in an automobile but when done they are strictly advised to follow the below rules. We enlist the major ones in particular to keep the bullets points concise and easily comprehensible.
• External cabin lights are prohibited for all vehicles in general except those which are more than 2100m wide. Even then, their installation is optional, if someone chooses to opt for it, they should be placed at the front at horizontal/ vertical angle with any sort of electrical connectivity. Albeit, their number should not go beyond 5 in totality.
• Side marker lamps are places on vehicles 7.5 m long and 2.1 m wide with an outward orientation placed in pair at both the front and the read end of the car and one in the center with any electrical connectivity that suits the user the best.
• Driving lamps: These are not mandatory on motor vehicles and trailers are totally prohibited from using them. No individual specifications are mentioned for them in particular except for that their number should vary in between 2-4 and should be fitted in adjacent to the headlamps.
• Cornering lamps
These are restricted for their usage on trailers and are allowed for installation on other vehicles if their demand is called for. Special guidance for their position as to where they would be located on an automobile is listed in here. For vertical position their height should not surpass the main beamed lights, for length the light giving off surface of the cornering lamp should not surpass the bonnet of the vehicle by 2meters at the maximum. Last but not the least, they should be place in pair, one at each side at the width. Much has been said about its geometric visibility layout too, such as the primary axis of photometry should not directly fall on the surface of the road. Also cornering lamp should be placed at the right end of the longitudinal axis passing through the center of reference at whose other side is in perfect alignment with this
part of the vehicle.
• Similarly guidelines for installation of each additional light such as fog lamps, indicators, reverse lights are mentioned too with slight variations to the above mentioned protocols.
These state that the technical needs of any of the editions of the contract book in entirety at present or in future should comply with the technical requirements of the stated standards at every point.
Further for vehicles under the NC category are required to have a headlamp ranging in between 559 meters to 1372 meters (when measured from the lamp’s center to the ground).
Adhering to all the rules mentioned above, would lead you to the signing off of the final agreement which reiterates the use of different types of light placed at different part of an automobile in excruciating detail. Going through it might seem like boring trite job but one needs to hop through the contract to the major points that interests them. Read the guidelines for the one which you are intending to use and overlook the rest for a quick, pain less procedure.